The Algonquin Land Claim
The Algonquin Land Claim covers a territory of 36,000 square kilometres in eastern Ontario that
is populated by more than 1.2 million people. If successful, the negotiations will produce the province’s first modern-day constitutionally
protected treaty. The Algonquins of Ontario assert that they have Aboriginal rights and title that have never been extinguished, and
have continuing ownership to the Ontario portions of the Ottawa and Mattawa River watersheds and their natural resources. The boundaries
of the claim are based largely on the watershed, which was historically used and occupied by the Algonquin people.
Key terms of a
The negotiators for the Algonquins of Ontario, the Government of Canada and the Government of Ontario have agreed
• the transfer of 117,500 acres of Crown Lands to Algonquin ownership
• $300 million as settlement capital provided
by Canada and Ontario
• Defined Algonquin rights related to lands and natural resources
The negotiators have also agreed that:
new reserves will be created
• Algonquin Park will be preserved for the enjoyment of all
• land will not be expropriated from private
owners as a result of the settlement
Several years of work remain, including another stage of negotiations and consultations, before
a Final Agreement can be reached.
Although there are some 200 parcels of land set to be transferred to the Algonquins, the areas
located on White Lake include several kilometers of shoreline and Hardwood Island. These areas are located on the northwestern shore
of White Lake and are shown on the map below.
Information on the Algonquin Land Claim Settlement can be found on the web. Several useful links and documents are listed below. Simply
click onto the text to connect to the appropriate websites.